Heavy price for prosecution of petty thief

first_imgWhatsApp NewsHeavy price for prosecution of petty thiefBy Staff Reporter – September 22, 2015 405 Email Twitter Print Facebookcenter_img Advertisement Andrew [email protected] up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up THOUSANDS of euro have been spent on court and Garda time to prosecute a young woman described as a “hopeless addict” for petty theft offences dating back over six years.Details of the offences admitted to by the 25-year-old woman came to light last week during a sitting of Limerick District Court when Judge Marian O’Leary was told that Gardaí were executing four bench warrants for the woman who had failed to turn up for court.On September 7, 2009, Gardaí found the young woman travelling as a passenger in a stolen car. She had no previous convictions at the time.In the three years that followed, she was involved in a number of petty shoplifting thefts including a €2 fashion ring from Penneys, a gift set from Boots, perfumes from the former Arthur’s Quay pharmacy and a wallet from Brown Thomas.Solicitor Ted McCarthy, who was assigned as legal aid for the defence, said that the young woman was “a hopeless heroin addict”, who had since come off the drug but was still heavily medicated as she suffered from psychiatric illness and had chronic depression.The court also heard that the young woman had expressed suicidal ideations in the past but was now living with the support of her father at his home.Her sister had taken her own life in tragic circumstances and this had a very devastating impact on the young woman’s life.“She took up with the wrong crowd and ended up on the streets but now she is making her way back and although she is not in a good place yet, she is getting there”, Mr McCarthy told the court.Judge O’Leary imposed a total of €150 in fines for the thefts and ordered that she pay them within six months or face ten days in prison Linkedin Previous articleBody of young male recovered from River ShannonNext articleLove Letters to Limerick Staff Reporterhttp://www.limerickpost.ielast_img read more

Press release: Forging a full fibre broadband and 5G future for all

first_imgNext stepsWe will shortly publish consultations on legislative changes to streamline wayleaves and mandate fibre connections in new builds. The conclusions of the Review will also form the basis of the government’s Statement of Strategic Priorities (SSP) to Ofcom, setting out the strategic objectives and outcomes that the regulator must have regard to in the exercise of its regulatory functions.Notes to Editors The FTIR will drive competition and commercial investment in full fibre networks across as much of the UK as possible. However there will be some parts of the country where it will be unlikely that that the market will be able to deliver alone.Nationwide availability of full fibre is likely to require additional funding of around £3 billion to £5 billion to support commercial investment in the final c.10% of areas. These, often rural areas, must not be forced to wait until the rest of the country has connectivity before they can access gigabit-capable networks.The Government will therefore pursue an “outside-in” strategy, meaning that while network competition serves the commercially viable areas, the Government will support investment in the most difficult to reach areas at the same time. We have already identified around £200 million within the existing Superfast broadband programme that can further the delivery of full fibre networks immediately.Sharon White, Ofcom Chief Executive, said: Mandatory full fibre broadband for all new build homes and a new priority to connect hard-to-reach rural areas are key measures proposed in a national, long-term strategy for UK telecommunications.The new approach is aimed at driving large-scale commercial investment in the fixed and wireless networks that are vital for the UK to remain globally competitive in a digital world.The Future Telecoms Infrastructure Review (FTIR), announced as part of the government’s modern Industrial Strategy, proposes the changes that are needed to give the majority of the population access to 5G, connect 15 million premises to full fibre broadband by 2025, and provide full fibre broadband coverage across all of the UK by 2033. Full fibre infrastructure is vital to underpin 5G coverage.At its heart is an emphasis on greater consumer choice and initiatives to promote quicker rollout and an eventual full switch over from copper to fibre.DCMS Secretary of State, Jeremy Wright said: New legislation that will guarantee full fibre connections to new build developments; Providing Operators with a ‘right to entry’ to flats, business parks, office blocks and other tenanted properties to allow those who rent to receive fast, reliable connectivity, from the right supplier at the best price; Reforms to the regulatory environment for full fibre broadband that will drive investment and competition and is tailored to different local market conditions; Public investment in full fibre for rural areas to begin simultaneously with commercial investment in urban locations; An industry led switchover (from copper to full fibre) coordinated with Ofcom; A new nationwide framework which will reduce the costs, time and disruption caused by street-works by standardising the approach across the country; Increased access to spectrum for innovative 5G services Infrastructure (including pipes and sewers) owned by other utilities such as power, gas and water, should be easy to access, and available for both fixed and mobile use; Ofcom to reform regulation, allowing unrestricted access to Openreach ducts and poles for both residential and business use, including essential mobile infrastructure; Alongside the FTIR, Government has also published a Digital Infrastructure Toolkit which will allow mobile networks to make far greater use of Government buildings to boost coverage across the UK. The FTIR’s analysis indicates that, without change, full fibre broadband networks will at best only ever reach three quarters of the country, and it would take more than twenty years to do so. It also indicates that 5G offers the potential for an expansion of the telecoms market, with opportunities for existing players and new entrants.Key recommendations from the FTIR include:center_img We welcome the Government’s review, and share its ambition for full-fibre and 5G networks to be rolled out right across the UK. The Government and Ofcom are working together, and with industry, to help ensure people and businesses get the broadband and mobile they need for the 21st century. We want everyone in the UK to benefit from world-class connectivity no matter where they live, work or travel. This radical new blueprint for the future of telecommunications in this country will increase competition and investment in full fibre broadband, create more commercial opportunities and make it easier and cheaper to roll out infrastructure for 5G. The UK has only 4% full fibre connections and lags behind many of our key competitors Spain (71%), Portugal (89%) France (c.28% and increasing quickly). Full fibre networks are faster, more reliable, and more affordable to operate than than copper-based networks. 5G will deliver faster and better mobile broadband, and enable new applications in industry sectors like manufacturing, health and transport. The strategy seeks to recognise differences across rural and urban areas, and develops solutions that are tailored to both. The Review concludes that the best approach is to promote competition and commercial investment wherever possible, and to intervene only where necessary. Market competition should deliver full fibre networks across the majority of the UK if we get the conditions right (c.80%). c.20% of the country is likely to require bespoke solutions to ensure rollout of networks.5G is not just about faster mobile data connections, it could also deliver a wide range of new opportunities across industry sectors such as manufacturing, energy, transport and healthcare. The Government wants to encourage these new commercial opportunities through policy reforms, including making sure spectrum is accessible to all and used efficiently. Running copper and fibre networks in parallel is both costly and inefficient, and a ‘fibre switchover’ strategy will be necessary to stimulate demand for fibre, to enable new networks to achieve scale quicker, and to ensure a smooth transition process for customers. The switchover process will be industry-led and timing will be dependent on the pace of rollout of fibre networks, and on the take-up of those networks. It is realistic to assume that switchover could happen in the majority of the country by 2030, but the timing will ultimately be dependent on the pace of fibre roll out and on the subsequent take-up of fibre products. The EU’s new directive for electronic communications – the European Electronic Communications Code (EECC) – is currently under negotiation. It is likely to be ​adopted by the EU ​shortly. If adopted, we are minded to ​implement, where appropriate, the substantive provisions in UK law, on the basis that it would support UK’s domestic policy objectives. This will enable the extension of market review periods to five years and provide mechanisms to aid fibre network rollout in certain areas.last_img read more

Students raise funds for research

first_imgSorin College’s second annual Kick It for Kevin kickball tournament Sunday raised enough money to lead to a donation to pediatric cancer research. The tournament is held in memory of former resident Kevin Healey, who died two years ago after a battle with cancer. “Kevin was really a charismatic person, and a kickball tournament kind of epitomizes the type of guy he was,” Sorin College president, junior Andrew McKernan, said. Healey was a member of Notre Dame’s class of 2011 and a Sorin College resident. He died of osteosarcoma, a rare form of bone cancer, in 2009. Sorin College vice president junior Max Maier, who organized the event, said the tournament really proved the strength of community present at Notre Dame. “I think it says a lot about the men of Sorin College as a whole that we can come together to remember one of our own every year through a fun-loving game of kickball,” Maier said. “I don’t think such an event would be possible without the tight-knit community present both in Sorin College and at Notre Dame.” For $3 per person, teams of 5 -10 players could compete, with all proceeds going to the CureSearch for Children’s Cancer research fund. Most of the competitors were Sorin residents, although several teams from other dorms participated as well. The kickball event was held at McGlinn Fields. Freshman Sorin resident Justin Dancu participated in the tournament, which he said was a success overall. “It was a fun way to help a good cause,” he said. “It was pretty relaxed which made it fun too.” Even though Healey passed away before Dancu arrived at Sorin, Dancu still found the event moving and meaningful. “I thought it made people remember and sometimes even ask about Kevin’s story, and it helped raise awareness for pediatric cancer research,” Dancu said. McKernan said enough teams signed up to cover the event’s costs, and have money left over to donate. He said the idea for a kickball tournament came from the success of other campus-wide athletic events, such as the Bookstore Basketball tournament or the Lose the Shoes soccer tournament. “It’s only the second year, and we had a pretty good turnout,” McKernan said. “We’re very happy that we made money to give to the fund, but in the future, our goal is to make it a more prominent campus event like the Fisher Regatta or Muddy Sunday.” Sorin College plans to improve advertising and work on increasing participation in the future. “It’s really a question of advertising and persuasion,” McKernan said. “We’d be set for a tournament if we had one team, 5-10 people, from every dorm.” The logistics of this year’s event included poster printing, organizing sign-ups in the dining hall, and getting the necessary snacks and kick balls. “Fortunately, we had a great group of guys this year who were more than willing to help out,” Maier said. “Most of the work just went into advertising.”last_img read more

Edvin Jurin: Croatian Tourism Development Strategy – Yes, of course, but what kind?

first_imgYou have heard me well – external and internal relations at the level of Croatia as well as individual municipalities, cities, counties or tourist regions.Talking and visiting many individual tourist destinations, tourist representatives often complained to me about the lack of understanding of their tourist councils. And the final question of all questions: What can be done to make the strategy come to life? What we need now and in the future is such an up-to-date and effective interdepartmental body, but also regular four-month analyzes and discussions at all levels of how far we have come and how we will solve, I deliberately repeat, what has not been resolved so far. And so persistently, persistently further to – fulfillment. In this area, not only in the field of tourism but also in other economic areas, we have not celebrated, although there are praiseworthy issues in tourism itself, at least as far as, say, the realization of the strategic marketing plan is concerned. After the rumors about the launch of the initiative itself and after the heated discussions and obligatory lamentations of respected tourist opinion makers, everything usually falls silent. Otherwise, if we get bogged down in the swamp of our local or regional destination maneuvers, insatiable spatial appetites and resentment, we can immediately sing about the new strategy: “In vain your efforts, musicians!” Therefore, in the end, a sincere and well-intentioned recommendation to the Minister of Tourism and Sports and the Government of the Republic of Croatia – New strategy for domestic tourism development until year X with a set of accompanying operational documents for individual years will make sense if it determines and offers frameworks pave the way for a new understanding of tourism in the whole society and innovative and year-round tourism products and projects with built-in added value under the denominator: “Happiness helps the brave!”(Good luck to you!) Concise, short and clear. Let’s start with the first: What kind of strategy do we really need? Therefore, the new strategy should clearly and unambiguously set first of all the key and achievable principles and criteria of the approach to tourism development – globally at the country level and locally in various selected segments. We don’t necessarily have to do it all – everything. We have no time or people for that, much less money. Let’s be brave and decide what and why we work somewhere, learn to cooperate with neighboring destinations, be cooperative and exchange ideas, projects and ultimately the guests themselves so that if they stay in one – visit another destination and thus complete their experience as a product of common and advance projected cooperation of several destinations or administrative units. It is questionable to ask whether such a document, given the dynamics and intensity of disruptive world changes, should be worked on until 2040 or limited to 5 years or until the end of 2025. I support a shorter period. I also wish that the strategy as a supporting document does not have more than thirty pages, and that every year for the next year, until the end of, say, July of the current year, more precise action plans for the next year are adopted. Let’s learn to save our own and others ’time, let’s concentrate on what matters. Honor to those who have moved away from what I will say, but I had the impression that a significant number of previous offices of tourist boards have turned into, allow me that freedom, the PR departments of their presidents – mayors, mayors and prefects. With dynamic and interactive cooperation of all government departments. It would not be exclusively related to the aegis of “sustainable tourism” because sustainable tourism is only a starting and important prerequisite for the mix of selected selective and more complex types of tourism with an emphasis on year-round business and tailor-made products with added value. the needs of the guests whose soul we need to empathize with. As much as possible. Author: Edvin Jurin The previous one, adopted by the Parliament of the Republic of Croatia on April 26, 4 under the full title “Strategy for the Development of Croatian Tourism until 2013” was valid as the name suggests until 2020. Therefore, the need for a new one becomes an urgent need. Focus on internal and external relations The answer is clear: short, concise and clearly guiding. Let us not be slaves to quantity (read the number of pages) but to quality. This way of thinking is the hardest thing to get rid of. I remember an “inspired” response from a client of one of the public sector strategies to my question why he insisted that the document, which had been worked on for a really long and thorough time, be a book in print, and not, say, a CD. The answer was literally: “There should be a book, and the thicker it is, so that when someone comes and asks me what we did, I can throw that heavy book on his chest. So let him think then what he will ask me’. ” Therefore, such documents often end up in drawers, are not used and become literally an artifact of one moment of one time of one client. The US version called “National Travel & Tourism Strategy” from 2012, with defined targets of 100 million tourists and spending of $ 250 billion by 2021, then signed by John Bryson, Secretary of Economy and Ken Salazar, the Secretary of the Interior has barely forty pages with all the introductions. For that, it is necessary to pay attention to the structure and potential of members of tourist councils at all levels, which means their most careful choice, but also ongoing education. Especially at the local level. Tourism has become too complex and interactive for key decisions on its development and implementation of certain specific activities to be made at a flat rate or by “breaking over the knee”. Like when the desert wind in Clint Eastwood’s western films, with the unsurpassed music of the recently deceased Ennio Morricone, dusts the deserted street, which is then covered by oblivion. As if nothing had ever been agreed. What was missing in the public and in the field was a systematic and real comparative presentation of what was achieved from the planned strategic and what was not. With mandatory inquiries: “If not – why not? Was it unrealistically planned? If not unrealistically planned, what obstacles have hindered the realization? What needs to be done to make the unfulfilled come true?” First: What kind of strategy do we really need?Second: What should take precedence in that strategy?Third: What can be done to make the strategy really and fully come to life? As far as external relations, ie interaction with a specific market, are concerned, I often used to ask people in tourism in certain destinations: “Can you tell me what audience you work for? Describe to me the profile of your current or desired guest? By age, social and cultural and other preferences and needs?”The answer was almost as a rule – silence.Instead of just talking about the types of tourism, we are talking about people – guests. Let’s study generational and interest profiles and create scenarios for different situations. Because, trends are created by consumers. The thread adorns the work Preference in such documents should be given to a balanced mix or ratio of internal and external relations or action policies to be achieved. I am a supporter, like everyone else, who loves tourism and who likes to think about tourism, for a document like this to be drafted. But I am an even more ardent advocate that such a document be applied. And not to work on an alibi strategy – and then to adhere to these key determinants little or not at all. According to the principle: “Let it be in our drawer.” Instead, hymns about the transfer of tourist arrivals and overnight stays were offered and are being offered. And we all knew that a lot of things more creative and innovative or environmentally sustainable in the destinations themselves did not come to life. We have not seen or at least perceptively seen that an intergovernmental body for cross-sectoral monitoring of the implementation of the previous strategy has come to life, ie the Inter-Ministerial Expert Council for Tourism according to the previous strategy (p.60). Here, tourism failed to impose itself on the older ministerial brothers in the Croatian government, especially in the areas of finance, labor, urbanism, construction and spatial planning, and environmental protection, as expected by the profession. Happiness helps the brave Under certain conditions of course, Not wanting to prejudge things, I ask three possible questions for this occasion. And three possible answers. Even the sparrows on the branch sing that Croatia needs a new strategy for tourism development, as one of its more dominant economic branches. I want to believe that there will be needs for that – there won’t be. They are no longer just times for that. This has led many to spend their resources on a “copy paste” basis: “We do this because it is done by the municipality, city or county next to us”. And not because of what we do, market and business necessary and more importantly – economically justified.last_img read more

SCA students petition to pause production classes

first_imgGerardo Garcia, a junior majoring in cinematic arts, film and television production who helped organize the petition, said the production classes at SCA emphasize hands-on and collaborative philosophies that don’t come through in a virtual format. “Currently, our production classes have shifted to online, and it’s not the same effect — we’re not learning the same tools that we would have learned,” Garcia said. “It’s all very conceptual, and although the conceptual aspect is important, USC — and SCA specifically — markets itself on its physical production education.” The petition, which has amassed more than 700 signatures to date, asks SCA Dean Elizabeth Daley to place the track on hold for the duration of next semester in the event that classes remain online. It argued that access to in-person resources is a cornerstone of the University’s production courses, and the classes cannot be replicated remotely. Ashlyn Bradshaw, a sophomore majoring in cinematic arts, film and television production, said she does not plan to sign the petition. She said the degree plan for the production major would make it difficult to ensure a timely graduation for current students if courses were suspended for a semester. “If physical production courses don’t fit on an online medium, why force it?” Garcia said. “It sort of feels like SCA’s best interests are in their financials, and they’re not taking the time to consider our educational consequences if we continued online.” Garcia cited the “Advanced Production Workshop” class production students take in the fall of their senior year as part of the production curriculum lost in the online format. The class culminates with a $10,000-budget movie, an experience he said would be eliminated if the course is held online next semester. Garcia said administrators should take into consideration elements of the curriculum that can’t be conducted remotely. He said the filming equipment SCA provides and the opportunity to shoot films with other students in the production cohort are central to instruction and part of what attracts students to the program. The production track includes hands-on, workshop-style classes that center upon collaboration and technique using tools the School of Cinematic Arts offers to prepare students to work on sets in the film industry. Some students say production skills cannot be effectively taught online. (Daily Trojan file photo) “Nothing is a perfect solution, but we’re looking at all the scenarios that we can, and we are definitely not going to close down,” Daley said. “When something goes wrong on a movie set, you don’t close it down — you move ahead.”center_img Students in the School of Cinematic Arts production program have launched a petition to pause the school’s production courses should the University decide to continue remote instruction through Fall 2020. The interruption to students’ academic progress caused by temporarily suspending the production program would pose an insurmountable difficulty for students whose circumstances prohibit them from extending the timeline of their degrees, Daley said. “It’s just tricky because the production course for fall and spring admits is so compacted,” Bradshaw said. “Unless they figured out a way where maybe our major didn’t need as many requirements or they took a class away, I don’t really see how pausing it would work in terms of getting us all out in four years.” According to Daley, SCA will not consider suspending any of its degree programs and plans to modify courses for an online format if in-person classes do not resume as scheduled in August. Daley said that while pausing the production track is not a possibility, SCA administrators and faculty have begun to look at alternative course plans should in-person classes not resume in August. “I think if they really respected their education, they would pause the production track and just wait until we go back to doing classes in person,” Garcia said. “That is a big portion of what physical production is: learning the tools and collaborating.” “In the fall, we’ve looked at a bunch of different scenarios,” Daley said. “Maybe we’ll get to come back just like we always do, but if that doesn’t happen, then how could we work in smaller groups, how could we shift the curriculum a little bit perhaps so that maybe you take certain courses in the fall that work a little better online and some of the other courses get delayed until either later in the fall or spring?”last_img read more

Did this buffalo racer from Karnataka just beat Usain Bolt’s world record for a…

first_imgAdvertisement hwahiyNBA Finals | Brooklyn Vs4ivWingsuit rodeo📽Sindre E4lbd( IG: @_aubreyfisher @imraino ) cfd1Would you ever consider trying this?😱jymz9jxCan your students do this? 🌚6odmRoller skating! Powered by Firework A man from Karnataka set a new record as the fastest runner in the country after a stunning performance at Kambala – a traditional buffalo race. 28-year-old buffalo racer Srinivasa Gowda, took just 13.62 seconds to cover 142.50 meters; breaking the previous record in the sport, which dates back to the early 1990s. This fascinating game of Kambala is exclusively played near Mangaluru and the southern coastal regions of the Karnataka.Advertisement According to locals “Kambala” or Buffalo race, is competed over a slushy paddy field and Gowda took only 13.62 seconds to cover 142.50 meters. But the most astonishing fact is that he ran 100 meters in just 9.55 seconds. To put that in perspective, Usain Bolt, the world’s fastest man took 9.58 seconds to complete a 100 meters’ race!Advertisement The referee of the race Vijay Kumar Kanginamane, said that Gowda is currently on a record-breaking run in the current Kambala season; taking the podium on 12 occasions while bagging 29 prizes.A construction labourer during off-season, Gowda who happens to be a school dropout, stated that he was thrilled to watch the sport as a child and began practising 5-6 years ago. When asked about the record, he announced that the credit goes to his buffaloes.“I love Kambala. The credit of my success should also go to my two buffalos. They ran very well. I chased them or drove them.”This season, Gowda has been jockeying three pairs of buffaloes which are owned by Bada Poojary of Iruvail, Mizar’s Shakti Prasad, and Harshavardhan from Poojary. The champion jockey also mentioned that he started training the buffaloes for this grand event four weeks before the start of this year’s Kambala season.The participants usually receive an amount of Rs 1-2 lakh to train buffaloes and take part in competitions for a season; while the owners also reward them with cash prizes should their buffaloes win any contests.But the sport found itself in attention after it was banned when animal rights activists pressured for its prohibition as the race involves the runners whipping the buffalo to make them speed up. The Chief Minister of Karnataka Siddaramaiah however, passed a special legislation to allow the race. You may also like:Nepal bowler Anjali Chand takes 6 wicket for 0 and breaks all time T20 recordSee which footballer Brian Lara compared Virat Kohli to! Advertisementlast_img read more

How to build an inclusive South African economy

first_imgAn inclusive growing economy is not our destiny, it is earned through choice. • Angola is open for South African business • South Africa could be swimming in opportunity • South Africa must work hard to raise rankings internationally • Active citizens build South Africa’s brand • Buy local to build South Africa’s economy Sulaiman PhilipLike most of the world, South Africa’s economy faces challenges. This much was agreed upon by the panel at the latest panel discussion hosted by the South African Civil Society Information Service (Sacsis), Left, Right & Centre: Perspectives on Building an Inclusive South African Economy. What the panel could not agree on, though, was how to best face down these challenges and grow the economy.An inclusive, well-functioning economy was not our destiny, the panellists argued. It was the result of the choices we made. The biggest challenge facing planners is this: whose aspirations should be prioritised? Should the needs of unions and entrepreneurs trump those of the unemployed, or is there a path that can build a thriving, growing, sustainable economy?The founder of the Centre for Development and Enterprise, South Africa, Ann Bernstein, defended South Africa’s economic policy over the last 20 years, with reservations. The policy had lifted millions out of poverty, but it was time to change the macroeconomic strategy. Rigid governments, she said, did not succeed in a modern economy where growth was the new normal.Growth and development should be left to the marketplace, she argued; the role of the government should be limited to putting into place legislation that encouraged entrepreneurship. “We need a package of bold micro-economic reforms to deal with the challenges we face. We are facing the same challenges we did 25 years ago and we managed to make progress then. We need an effective pro-business state.”The discussion was held on 7 November, the day that ratings agency Moody’s downgraded its outlook on South Africa. Trudi Makhaya, the former deputy commissioner at the Competition Commission and now working for TV news channel eNCA, argued that as much as it mattered in the short term, the Moody’s downgrade should not prevent us from planning for the long term. “In a short economic cycle the downgrade matters but we need to embrace a long-term perspective.”Makhaya, representing the centre “that must hold”, contended that growth for the sake of growth was not as important as the quality of that growth. Growth that was not inclusive would only to serve to widen the inequality gap in South Africa.The country, she held, needed to improve opportunities for its entrepreneurs. “Is South Africa’s economy opening up to competition? No. Entrepreneurs still have trouble accessing finance and skills training. Any fiscal policy has to consider that we do not do well on the Opportunity Index.” Government needs to create an environment that encourages entrpreneurs.  The head of the Living Planet Unit of the World Wide Fund, Saliem Fakir, is a regular columnist for Sacsis. He believes, as does Makhaya, that South African fiscal policy has to be guided by long-term goals rather than a short economic cycle. Any discussion on the direction of the economy had to include conversations about the nature of ownership, competition laws, the tax regime and minimum wage, he said.But Fakir thinks we are a long way off from being able to sit down around a table to discuss the best way forward. “It’s not possible to create a centre if there is no trust and post-Marikana there is a trust deficit between players in the economy.”This week 25 years ago, the Berlin Wall came down, reuniting a divided Germany. Renate Tenbusch, resident director of the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung in South Africa, co-host of the panel, drew comparisons between East Germany then and South Africa now.In November 1989, an East German civil servant stumbled over a question about travel regulations for citizens of the German Democratic Republic (GDR). He made it sound like the borders between the two Germanys would be open with immediate effect. This resulted in East German citizens flooding to the border, forcing Lieutenant Harald Jäger to order nervous soldiers guarding the Bornholmer Strasse checkpoint to open the barrier between east and west Berlin.When the Wall fell, East Germany was dependent on coal-fired power stations, and its road and bridge infrastructure was deteriorating. With the injection of €1.6-trillion by the Federal Republic of Germany into infrastructure development, the East began to enjoy the fruits of industrial growth and low inflation. It was not just government spending that brought material rewards east; private sector investment caused unemployment to drop by half and wages grow faster than in the west.East Germany, Tenbusch explained, went from gloom, apathy and xenophobia to a region of large-scale development, energy and hope because they got the development mix right. Meaningful and long-lasting change took place in East Germany because, “the conversation about poverty included talks about the makeup of the economy”.When the Deutschmark became the currency of East Germany in 1990, making it east Germany, Chancellor Helmut Kohl promised a bright new future for the unified country. There would, he promised, be a blooming landscape as the unified country shared its wealth among all its citizens.“There will be much hard work before we achieve unity and freedom, prosperity and social equality for all Germans. Many of our compatriots in the GDR will have to adapt to new and unfamiliar living conditions – and also to a transition period that will certainly not be easy. But no one will be expected to endure undue hardship,” Kohl said.It was a lesson all the panellists took to heart. All, in their own way, admit that an inclusive South African economy will lead to a blooming landscape.last_img read more

Dense-Packed Cellulose and a Wrong-Side Vapor Barrier

first_img Start Free Trial Already a member? Log in Does the exterior sheathing on a double-stud wall accumulate worrisome quantities of moisture in late winter? Several researchers are now looking into this question, and Green Building Advisor has been sharing the researchers’ findings as the information becomes available.The latest sheathing moisture measurements were made by Bill Hulstrunk, the technical manager at National Fiber in Belchertown, Massachusetts. I’d like to put an important piece of information on the table from the start: Hulstrunk is not a disinterested academic researcher; he is employed by a company that sells cellulose insulation. Clearly, his company is more inclined to share data showing that walls insulated with cellulose are performing well, and might not want to share any data that imply otherwise. That said, some of Hulstrunk’s data are thought-provoking.Hulstrunk shared his moisture content readings in a presentation (“Hygrothermal Analysis of Superinsulated Assemblies”) at the Passive House conference in Portland, Maine, on September 22, 2014. His co-presenter was builder Chris Corson of EcoCor Construction.Hulstrunk began his presentation by lauding the hygroscopic properties of cellulose. “Hygroscopic materials want to redistribute and equalize the moisture,” he said. “Hygroscopic materials like cellulose protect themselves and nearby materials. They can pull moisture out of nearby materials like sheathing and studs.”Hulstrunk also provided a few cautionary statements about cellulose density. “Deep cavities require that cellulose be installed at higher densities,” he said. “I recommend 3.7 pounds per cubic foot for a 12-inch cavity or 4 pounds per cubic feet for an 18-inch cavity. Deeper cavities require more experienced installers, since multiple hose passes are required.” (For more information on this topic, see How to Install Cellulose Insulation.)Bill Hulstrunk set out to visit a number of homes with thick double-stud or I-joist walls insulated with dense-packed cellulose, including several homes built by Chris Corson. “WUFI predicts that… Sign up for a free trial and get instant access to this article as well as GBA’s complete library of premium articles and construction details.center_img This article is only available to GBA Prime Memberslast_img read more